There are many different types of acne. This condition is normally found on the face, but there are Mild to Severe cases that can be found on other body parts. Mild cases often clear up with the help of self treatment. However, severe cases should be treated under the supervision of health professionals, such as dermatologists.
Acne Vulgaris, translated as ‘common acne,’ is the most common type of acne. It is better known as blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.
Blackheads. Occur in partially blocked pores. In short, the blockage occurs when dead skin cells, sebum (also known as the substance that makes skin oily) and bacteria are drained to the skin’s surface and conditioned by air, thus the color. It could take a substantial amount of time for blackheads to clear.
Whiteheads. These are found underneath the surface of the epidermis, and are a result of the combined sebum, dead cells and bacteria totally blocking off the skin’s pores.
Pustules. With the appearance of a red circle with a white or yellow center, this form of acne is more often called Pimples or Zits.
Nodules. Nodules manifest themselves in the form of hardened lumps also found beneath the skin’s surface, and not only are they larger than most types of acne, they also take longer to treat. Because they may last for more than a few months and are prone to scarring, it is best to receive treatment from a dermatologist.
Cysts. Similar to a nodule, this form of acne is filled with pus. If not treated, cysts, in the same way as nodules, can cause even more painful scars. Cysts should be treated by a dermatologist.
Acne Conglobata. This is a particularly rare and insidious form of acne vulgaris more common in male patients and can lead to serious disfiguring. Large lesions form on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs, sometimes accompanied by numerous blackheads. Acne Conglobata can cause severe psychological as well as physical suffering, damage to the skin and permanent scarring. This is a condition that may last more than a few years.
Acne Fulminans. A sudden case of Acne Conglobata, with a fever and aching joints. Can be treated effectively with oral steroids.
Gram-Negative Folliculitis. An unusual type of acne that is caused by bacterial infection, this results in pustules and cysts and is often caused by extremely lengthy regimens of anti-acne antibiotics.
Pyoderma Faciale. Affecting only females usually between ages 20 and 40, most commonly in women who never had acne before, this type of acne consists of painful pustules, cysts and nodules on the face. Be wary of the potential of long-term scarring. Most cases would clear up within one year.
Acne Rosacea. Notably affecting people over the age of 30, Acne Rosacea causes a red rash on the face. Other symptoms include pimples and assorted skin blemishes. This is a totally different type of acne than Acne Vulgaris, and likewise, treatments differ for both of these types. The symptoms for males who suffer from Acne Rosacea are more marked than those for females, though there are still far more women sufferers than men.