Kidney stone is one of the common problems grasping millions across the world. It is termed as one of the most challenging and very painful condition that can come at any age to anyone. A patient of kidney stones tends to have extremely painful episodes and often grumble about problem whilst urination and blood in urine. The patients can show the symptoms such as frequency of urination and problem and blood in urine with extreme pain in the abdomen and waist going down towards groin.Kidney stones (calculi) are composed of substances normally found in the urine.
Stones start as small crystals in the kidney. They form when the urine is too concentrated in calcium or other chemicals that may group together. Over time, tiny crystals may grow into stones which are large enough to trigger signs and symptoms such as pain or bleeding. Stones grow in an unpredictable fashion. They can develop in fast spurts or very slowly, based on conditions in the urine. Mostly the stones consist of calcium or any substance normally present in urine.
Generally the stones are formed of calcium oxalate and may also be of calcium phosphate and less common would be the ones which are formed of uric acid, cystine and struvite.There’s another common ailment of kidneys that is several times confused and related to kidney stones is kidney cancer. Both kidney tones and kidney cancer are ailments of kidneys. Kidney cancer is the 7th most frequent cancer and the tenth most common reason for cancer death in males.
The overall five-year relative survival rate (the percentage of sufferers who survive at least five years after the cancer is detected, not including those that die from other diseases) is 65%. If the cancer has extensively metastasized outside of the kidneys, it is hard to manage. Since 1% of all kidney cancer spontaneously shrinks or vanishes, scientists have focused on the body’s immune system as a helpful tool to manage advanced kidney cancer.Kidney cancer seldom causes signs and symptoms in its early stages.
Even so, if kidney cancer is identified and addressed early, there’s a fine possibility for a complete recovery. Surgery to remove a kidney tumor, or the kidney itself, provides a reasonable chance of cure when the cancer has not metastasized (spread) beyond the kidney.Some of the risk factors for developing kidney cancer are the occurrence in family history, age group endangered are in between 50 to 70, smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, exposure to environment toxins, long term dialysis, exposure to radiations or industrial chemicals, sedentary lifestyle, Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma.
The risk factors of kidney stones are insufficient fluid intake, especially water, Personal history of kidney stones, Family history of kidney stones, between the ages of 20 and 60, High protein, low fiber diet, Very sedentary lifestyle, recurring urinary tract infections. The risk factors are very similar but it does not mean that kidney stones invite kidney cancer or vice versa.
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