Diabetes is a condition wherein there is an unusually high level of glucose in the blood. Blood sugar levels can be kept under control by insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. If someone’s pancreas doesn’t generate enough insulin, their body will develop diabetes.
A short list of symptoms of diabetes would include severe hunger and thirst, more urge to urinate, and fatigue. The tried and tested way to diagnose diabetes is through the Glucose Tolerance Test.
Type 1 diabetes is the more acute form. It can usually be treated with dietary restrictions, exercise, and sometimes with insulin. The use of insulin is only after the diet, exercise, and weight loss plan has been done. This form of diabetes is considered an insulin dependent disease.
Type II diabetes is less severe and involves the same treatment as type I, but without the insulin. Oral medications are used when blood glucose levels can’t be managed by diet and exercise. Insulin is used in the extreme cases. Type II diabetes is also called late-onset diabetes since is usually develops in middle-aged or older adults. This condition involves a pancreas that can produce enough insulin, but the body doesn’t react well to it.
It’s very possible for an individual to delay the onset of Type II diabetes if one or more family members have the condition. Through diet, exercise, and weight loss, you’ll be able to do it. If you leave type II diabetes untreated, it’s very likely that you’ll develop the same complications as type I diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women. Normally it disappears after the birth of the baby, however, treatment for the mother to stabilize the blood glucose levels will decrease the chance of complications to the baby as well as mother.
Juvenile Onset diabetes is another major form of diabetes that affects many children. It is considered as the onset of type I diabetes. Don’t postpone a visit to the doctor if a child shows even a few diabetes symptoms. There are about two million or more teens in pre-diabetic stage. Being overweight is usually the main cause. In this condition, blood glucose levels are high but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Teens usually develop this between the ages of 12 and 19.