You can check your obesity by calculating your Body Mass Index (BMI). A BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is deemed healthy, while anything beyond it’s obese. The BMI uses the height and weight of an individual to calculate whether the body of the individual’s healthy or unhealthy.If your BMI is above 30, then you’re overweight and might be prone to a lot of related health problems like sleep apnea, cancer, diabetes, heart diseases and high cholesterol.
Here are a few common diseases that arise due to overweight:
Heart diseases and strokes are the leading causes of deaths in the United States. This is because obese people suffer from high blood pressure, blood fats (triglycerides) and angina which lead to major heart problems and strokes. The problem occurs when plaque, a fatty material, builds up on the inner walls of coronary arteries which supplies oxygenated blood to the heart. The plaque in the arteries narrows it hence reducing flow of oxygenated blood to the heart.
As your BMI slowly increases, the chances of having heart attacks and disease such as coronary heart disease becomes greater. Incase of obese people, the heart can simply fail to pump enough blood around the circulatory system to attend to the needs of the body, leading to congestive heart failure.
Obesity and overweight can help store fatty adipose deposits in the arteries which might lead to blood clots within the arteries. Incase the blocked artery is close to the brain it can hinder the flow of oxygen and blood to the brain and hence cause a stroke. Strokes are more prevalent in people who have high BMI.
Hypertension or High Blood Pressure
This is as a result of the high amount of pressure exerted by the blood as it pushes against the artery walls. Obese and overweight people have a higher chance of suffering from hypertension.
The chance of you having irregular levels of fats in your blood’s greater when your BMI is over 30. Such blood fats include low-density lipoprotein or LDL, a fat-like matter called „bad cholesterol triglycerides as well as low high-density lipoprotein, also known as „good cholesterol. These uncharacteristic levels of blood fat in blood stream can lead to serious heart problems.
The Metabolic Syndrome
This encapsulates a group of factors linked to high obesity and overweight that, heighten the risks of heart ailments and other health troubles like strokes and diabetes. Any person can exhibit any of these factors but generally these risks tend to happen together. When a person’s suffering from any of the three following heart ailments risks, he or she’s suffering from the metabolic syndrome:
* Are you apple-shaped , and need to lose the belly fat ? If you’re one then you’re suffering from obesity which is primarily abdominal. The extra flab around the waist poses a greater risk to the possibility of heart diseases than fat around the hips.
* Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides mean incredibly irregular levels of blood fat.
* Abnormal blood pressure.
* Uncharacteristic levels of blood sugar during normal fasting.
The second deadliest disease that kills thousands of people within the United States is cancer. Many different varieties of cancer can develop if one’s overweight or obese. Cancer is common amongst men in the form of colon, rectum and prostrate cancer, while breast, colon, ovary, gallbladder, uterus and cervical cancer are common in women.
Osteoporosis and arthritis
The combination of the two forms is called osteoarthritis which most overweight people suffer from. It’s a problem of the hips joints, knee joints and lower-back. The weight of the fat puts pressure on the joints, leading to pain.
Overweight people might experience problems like inflamed gallbladders and small gallbladder stones. These small stones generally caused by high cholesterol create abdominal pain and the only available cure is surgery.
Blood sugar or diabetes
Non-insulin diabetes mellitus (also called type-II diabetes) is quite common in the USA. This affects the body by reducing its abilities to control the sugar level in the blood. Obese people are at twice the risk of developing diabetes than people with average BMI. Diabetes cannot be completely cured hence people suffering from it have to stay on a daily dose of medication. This disease can also lead to complications and other health-related problems like blindness, heart problems, strokes and kidney failure amongst a few common ones.
This is another problem related to obesity. People who suffer from sleep apnea stop breathing for short durations while asleep. This commonly leads to sleepiness during the day and often, heart failure.
People who suffer from overweight should avoid junk foods, fatty foods, beef and other greasy or oily foodstuffs. An intake of fresh water, juices and lots of vegetables should be enough to keep severe diseases away and help reduce the weight.
Obesity and problems of overweight are most common in teenagers and young children, increasing the risks to their health. In the US, diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes in children has gone up from a rarity to 45% of brand new diabetes cases in the last few years, making obese children vulnerable to becoming overweight in adulthood and at risk for related health problems .