Aids, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by the HIV virus or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV harms the human defense mechanisms in addition to the central nervous system making the individual prone to and in danger of infections.
Within the early stages when the HIV virus is present it is not likely for the person infected to demonstrate any specific aids symptoms and so at this stage the only way to detect whether the virus is present is by delivering an HIV examination. It’s however possible for the person to exhibit a few symptoms a few weeks after the virus enters the system, including: a flu-like condition, increased temperature (pyrexia), headache, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat (pharyngitis) and red spots or a rash on the skin.
In the asymptomatic part of HIV or the second stage the amount of virus contained in the bloodstream increases appreciably as the virus replicates. This encourages a natural response in the immune system to begin producing antibodies. Even then, this cycle of the disease may go unnoticed for as much as 10-12 years and Aids can develop if it is not addressed. At this point Aids symptoms like diminished appetite, night sweats, significant weight loss, mouth ulcers and unrelenting coughing will develop.
When HIV progresses into Aids the person’s life is seriously vulnerable by even the most simple to treat, standard infections. If the person has been identified as having Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome the individual is now all the more at risk of life threatening infections. Aids symptoms exhibited comprise of pneumonia, tuberculosis, herpes, candidosis, toxoplasmosis and other viral conditions. Yet another result of this stage is increased susceptibility to cancer tumors, most commonly Kaposi’s sarcoma.
Aids symptoms might not be identical in every case as different organs including the lungs, intestine or nervous system might be affected. When the central nervous system is impacted the individual is at risk of dementia on account of cortical atrophy of the brain.
Damage to the central nervous system can happen even after 20 years following the initial HIV infection as can meningitis and brain blood vessel problems. The individual may also suffer from Aids symptoms such as chronic headaches and vision deterioration, muscle weakness, short-term memory loss and other psychics disorders.
If the infection is detected early enough, eg in the asymptomatic phase the individual may be treated so they won’t develop dangerous Aids symptoms. A HIV test can be carried out to determine the stage of the infection and treated based on the phase. HIV medications work by inhibiting the reproduction of the virus and retarding the progression of diseases caused by it.
It is essential to realize that treatment will under no circumstances cure the infection and any infected individual could transmit the virus. Often Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) may be recommended, called the “cocktail” which fuses three or more anti-HIV medicines taken in a daily regimen. With this therapy aids symptoms can be maintained to a minimum. Today, research to develop drugs for the treatment of AIDS and HIV continues to be ongoing with many longing for newer and better treatments.
More information about Aids Symptoms here.