A bunion is a foot deformity that develops due to hallux valgus. Most bunions can be treated without surgical interventions. When nonsurgical treatments are inadequate, surgery helps to relieve pain, correct foot deformities and allow individuals to resume their normal activities. Before making the decision to undergo bunion surgery San Francisco residents are advised to consult an orthopaedic surgeon.
It occurs when individuals wear poorly fitting shoes for a long time. Shoes with a pointed, narrow toe box squeeze toes into an unnatural position. This is the leading cause of bunions. Heredity also plays a role in the formation of bunions but only accounts for a small percentage of the cases. It is more common in women than men.
A bunion becomes painful over time if it is neglected. The discomfort caused by this condition can be eliminated without surgery. Those that are less painful are easy to manage with nonsurgical treatments. This can be done by ensuring the shoes worn are of the correct size and fit properly. If the condition occurs due to arthritis, medications can be prescribed to manage it.
Many studies show that a majority of individuals are able to benefit from the treatment and are able to get the desired results. It focuses on eliminating pain, correct deformities and realigns joints. The surgical procedure applied depends on several factors such as the general health, age, severity of bunions and activity level of a patient.
A patient has to undergo a thorough examination by an orthopaedic surgeon before the procedure. A medical history is important to identify any underlying conditions such as diabetes and arthritis that may affect the suitability of an individual. A physical examination is necessary to assess foot deformities, soft tissue damage and misalignment. X-rays reveal the extent damage and deformity in the joints.
Many hospitals and surgical centers consider this procedure to be an outpatient case. Patients are required to report a few hours before the appointed time. The first stage involves a complete evaluation by a member of the anesthesia team. It requires a local anesthesia although a general anesthesia may be used in selected cases. The procedure lasts for one hour and patients are allowed to go home after getting enough rest.
The time to recover from the surgery may vary from one patient to another. The duration depends on the soft tissue and the bones affected. In most cases, patients will recover after 6 weeks to 6 months. It takes about an entire year to attain complete healing. There are various precautions that are recommended for the patients. This are intended to reduce any risks and promote healing. The foot must not be exposed to water to prevent any damage on the stitches. Special shoes, walking casts, splints or wooden shoes may be necessary.
There a number of complications related to bunion surgery San Francisco residents need to be aware of. These include recurrence of bunions, nerve damage, degenerative joint disorders, swelling, continued pain and infections in the bones and connective tissues. Luckily, these complications can be treated easily. However, they prolong the time taken to recover completely. The surgeon provides the treatment options available for these complications.
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