The catholic renewal can be described as a wave of change that became more prominent in the Twentieth Century. The phrase is used to denote both the events and processes that were involved in the transformation of the Roman Catholic Church. These events are spread across centuries but became more pronounced in the twentieth century. They involved a number of persons and had a drastic effect on the way the church operated.
Three major areas were the center of change over the entire process of revival. What changed was the way the church hierarchy and faithful viewed the bible. The freedom to translate the scriptures from Latin vulgate into other languages was a big step towards change. Critical editions were produced from the original language and the monopoly of this information left the safety and control of priesthood.
Opening up of liturgy direction to lay faithful and introduction of new practices added on to the wind of change. Celebration of mass in native languages and involvement of lay men in previously guarded practices heralded a new era. This was a departure from a tradition that had been held jealously and preserved for the clergy. It was a total break from the past.
The mode of Eucharistic celebration changed from a formal and legalistic manner into a more open and individualized approach. This was emphasized in the practice of faith as well. There was a call for the faithful to seek personal encounters and experiences with Christ. This was a complete departure from generalized approach that had many regulations and laws. This was the origin of diocesan and individual differences that can be seen even today.
Pius the Twelfth is regarded as the pope who accelerated the wind of change. This was through an encyclical called Divino Afflante Spiritu that opened up this church to change. Translating the bible from the original manuscript had the consequence of introducing freedom in interpretation. The Second Vatican Council would create more room through such documents as Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation.
The discussions that resulted from the Second Vatican Council opened more avenues for revival. They included availability of the bible in more vernacular languages. More people could read the bible on their own. The clergy no longer enjoyed the monopoly of information they did before. Biblical reflections became a central part of Christian life.
The Second Vatican Council produced other pivotal documents that would shape the future of liturgical practice. Expansion of the role of catechism in the life of faithful played a vital role in charismatism. There was the introduction of worship outside mass, prophesy and faith healing, among other non conventional practices. The rise of charismatic movement is considered a results of this revival.
Catholic renewal has divided the church hierarchy with some accusing the charismatic followers of misinterpreting the bible. Charismatic faithful site the early church that had miraculous powers like speaking in tongues. The wave of change has spread with increasing individuality of dioceses and decentralization of some liturgical practices. This church has become more dynamic as it makes strides into the future.
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