Water is among the most important natural resources essential for the life and well-being of all living creatures in our planet. Just 3 percent of world water resources contain fresh water and some part of it is locked in glaciers and ice caps. There is also fresh water in remote areas that are inaccessible for people. As a result only 0.08 percent of the fresh water is used to meet the needs of mankind that include manufacturing, drinking, environment, sanitation, leisure, etc.
The results of a study conducted in 2007 are discouraging. It shows that more than 1.6 billion people suffer from water scarcity due to economical reasons, i.e. their local authorities cannot meet the rising needs for water in these regions mainly because of the insufficient investments. The enormous number of another 1.2 billion people all over the world does not have enough water to meet their everyday needs.
The world population is mainly concentrated in big urban centers, which cause natural water sources pollution. The wastewater that comes from the industrial centers is dangerous for people’s health and can make the water in nearby natural water sources useless. It contains a lot of hazardous pollutants, like heavy metals and pathogens that should be treated to avoid a global ecological crisis.
People should learn how to properly manage and optimize the fresh water that is why their efforts should be directed at this important initiative. They should collect the harvested rainwater that falls during the wet seasons in large barrels and use it efficiently for agricultural purposes during the periods with no rain. In addition, they should learn how to utilize the groundwater as well, drilling deep wells and using this fresh water for drinking and agriculture. The importance of lakes is also undeniable, as they can provide a lot of collected water to the nearby residents. All these natural water sources should be managed wisely to overcome the water crisis.
Agriculture is considered the major consumer of fresh water. More than 70 percent are used for food production that should meet the needs of the growing world population. More and more people choose to reside in big industrial and urban centers that expand enormously, causing deterioration of the water scarcity problem.
There are six major steps that should be done to resolve the water problems globally, but every individual should take part in these simple strategies and contribute to improve the situation.
First, we need to improve all water related data. Second, we should protect and treasure our environment, preventing further pollution. Third, water governance should be reformed. Fourth, the agricultural water use should be revitalized. Fifth, the urban and industrial water demand should be managed. Sixth, the women and poor people should have an access to the water resources and their management.
The global water crisis can be prevented, if we strictly follow these simple steps. It is very important that all industries and big urban centers learn to properly use the water, so the greatest part of it could be directed to the agriculture. Since the world population grows each and every year, the growing demand for more and more food should be met.