Though the terminology ‘deep sea fishing’ seems to indicate marine fishing expeditions, the term actually applies to any form of fishing in waters larger than a lake. Rivers and ponds are not meant for deep sea fishing as the water may not be deep enough. Deep sea fishing is carried out in coastal waters that make up the habitat of lots of species of large fish.
Deep sea game fishing does require a larger boat in order to achieve open sea manoeuvres and store the catch conveniently. Such a boat should have enough room for the crew meant to actually do the fishing and also for the equipment needed in order to catch and store these larger scale fish. It should be the type of boat intended to withstand sea storms and bad weather and to gain easy access to the fishing areas in a fast and safe manner.
The wide range of fish that are caught in open sea fishing includes marlins, swordfish, sailfish, large tunas and various types of sharks. There are also smaller fish caught at the same time as these larger ones. However, these former, smaller fish are not caught on purpose. Such fish represent by-catch or even bait for other larger fish.
Deep sea fishing has been practised in mainly the same areas throughout the time since this occupation became known and later still it became a profitable business. California, Nova Scotia, Hawaii, Florida and New Zealand are among the most common of locations. One of the advantages of those areas is that the possibility of catching big fish along the coasts is triple compared to other regions where the various large species live in deeper waters.
There are several techniques of deep sea game fishing of which the first we should mention is trolling, which is a form of angling performed by drawing a baited line through the water. The bait usually consists of squid or other small fish often used for bait and it is thrown into the sea off the rear of the boat. Deep sea game fishing boats have apiece of equipment called stabilizers or outriggers which enlarge the actual fish-catching area. Another technique is ‘chumming’ or ‘chunking’ which requires that large pieces of bait fish be thrown overboard in order to attract the larger. more desired species.
All in all, the scale of deep sea fishing has developed proportionally with the greater consumption of the market. Presently, various diets using fish dishes have actually become an epitome of healthy living and many people give up red meat for this lighter white variety.