Depression is a mental disorder that is quite often characterized by lengthy periods of sadness and melancholy, say the experts from the field of psychiatry.
However, just because someone slopes around and hates the world in general, it doesn’t necessarily mean that he/she is suffering from depression, but if this kind of behaviour, that feeling of emptiness, loss of self-worth and absolute lack of hope for happiness continues , then, that person is probably, indeed, depressed. Still, there are several types of depression too.
Manic or Bipolar depression is notable for sudden and extreme changes in mood – one minute the person is euphoric while the next minute (day or week), the same person feels as if he or she is hades.
Postpartum depression is characterized by a prolonged sadness and a prolonged feeling of emptiness by a new mother where physical stress during child birth, an uncertain sense of responsibility towards the new born baby can be just some of the possible reasons why some new mothers go through this.
Dysthimia is characterized by a slight similarity with depression, although this type has been proven to be a lot less severe, but of course as with any case, it should be seen to immediately.
Cyclothemia – characterized by a nominal similarity with Manic or Bipolar depression wherein the individual suffering from this mental illness suffers from severe mood swings.
Seasonal Affective Disorder – characterized by depression only during specific seasons (i.e. Winter, Spring, Summer or Autumn). However, studies show that most people actually fall ill during the Winter and Fall seasons, which suggests that light plays a role. Or they could suffer from severe mood swings, wherein a person’s mood may shift from happy to sad to angry in quite a short space of time.
‘Clinical depression’ or as some might call it, ‘major depression’, is the actual medical term for depression. Actually, clinical depression is more of a disorder than an illness, since it refers only to those who are suffering from symptoms that cause depression.
However, in spite of being a real disorder, clinical depression can be treated. Doctors are usually highly optimistic that patients suffering from clinical depression will soon be well on their way to good mental health as long as they are treated as soon as they have been diagnosed. Patients who have sought treatment for clinical depression have proven to be quite successful in their quest, given that 80 percent of those treated have found relief from their disorder.
If you are seeking answers to questions related to clinical depression, the depression section of the health center is highly recommended, as well as books on psychiatry and the Internet, which offers a lot of helpful information, although self treatment is highly disapproved of. Clinical depression may not pose as great of a threat as the other types of mental illness, but it is best to leave it in the hands of the professionals who can safely attend to and cure this disorder.