GMO stands for genetically modified organism. Non GMO on the other hand are those that are natural or organic. During the course of genetic modification, there is removal of one or more genes from the DNA of other organisms like bacteria or viruses. The removed genes are then recombined into the DNA of the plant in which alteration is to be done.
Through such addition of new genes, the engineers look to have them exhibit traits associated with such genes. There has been debate on the safety of GMO, which is why many countries have always called for sale of organic foods rather than those that are modified. In the case that GMOs are on sale, they have to be labeled so that buyers are aware of what they are buying.
The major reason why people do not use the organic foods is the costs involved. They cost much more than GMO foods. The main reason why organic produce costs more is because there are a lot of expenses involved in their production. That aside, most of these foods are rarely treated with preservatives and are thus not expected to last longer after purchase.
There are numerous advantages of non genetically modified foods. Unlike the others, they have few chemicals if any. Those that are genetically modified are produced using sewage sludge plus a host of other chemicals. These, in addition to hormones used in animal stimulation for better productivity, pose a huge risk. Some amount of the chemicals remain on such produce.
The pesticides used on plants or animals are likely to leave residues on them. When such produce are consumed, there is likely to be dangerous effects. On the same note, antibiotics and hormones used used are equally risky. Such can be prevented through the use of organic farming.
It is for a fact that the environment is very important, which is why most countries, organizations and individuals have launched campaigns to protect it against any destruction. Use of GMO leads to damage of the environment. With organic production, this is not the case because there is no use of chemicals, at least not extensively.
Organic foods also have a few shortcomings. For once, it is quite a challenge maintaining an organic kitchen. This is because over time, there has been an increase in production and acceptance of genetically modified ones. This, coupled with the fact that they are much cheaper, makes the process of using purely organic foods tedious.
Most companies are getting to production of non GMOs. This has come to the disadvantage of small producers. The process of getting certification to produce organic foods is not only long but also complicated. Small farmers cannot easily afford costs involved. Thus with time and the requirement that business people label their foods, there are those that are bound to lose.
The other debate that has raged for some time is whether or not non GMO are more nutritious. Contrary to popular belief that they are more nutritious, this is yet to be fully proven. As a matter of fact, it is even thought that the two groups of foods are equally nutritious.
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